How to Add VPN Libreelect to the Raspberry Pi

VPN stands for Virtual Private Network and is essentially used for keeping your personal details secure while using public WiFi. You can use VPN on websites to keep your personal information safe, to access restricted content, or to watch Netflix with a British accent.

VPN adds an extra layer of security to your network by encrypting all of the data being sent across it, ensuring that nobody can intercept or view your communications. This tutorial will walk you through the process of adding a VPN server to the Raspberry Pi 3, so you can keep your data secure whilst travelling or using public WiFi.

What Hardware You’ll Need

The first step is to make sure you have everything before you start. You’ll need a Raspberry Pi 3 to begin with, a microSD card to store the OS and user data on, and either a PCI or USB WiFi adapter. You’ll also need to ensure you have an Ethernet cable to connect your Raspberry Pi to the internet. You could use a wireless router or a regular Ethernet cable to connect the two, depending on your WiFi network.

The next step is to prepare the microSD card. You’ll want to write the OS and user data to the card using the tool of your choice (Raspbian comes with their own tool, while most other distros use Etcher or Win32DiskImager). Then follow the onscreen instructions to finish the process. You can now insert the microSD card into your Raspberry Pi and power it up.

Configure Your Domain Name And IP

The next step is to configure your domain name and IP. You do this by navigating to Settings from the Raspberry Pi’s home screen. Then click on WiFi.

You’ll see a list of available WiFi networks. To connect to the VPN, you’ll need to enter the name of the network as seen by the ISP (Internet Service Provider) followed by a colon and then the IP address of the server. It might be something like this:

`VPN Network: My VPN, (192.168.1.1)`

Where (192.168.1.1) is the IP address of the VPN server. You can leave the My VPN part as it is and just change the IP address if you want to connect to a different VPN server.

Install And Configure Virtual Private Network Support

Next, head over to your Raspberry Pi’s software repository and search for and install the VPN plugin. You can do this by entering apt into a terminal and then pressing enter.

This will open up a list of suggested packages. Install the openssh-server package to begin with. Then follow the onscreen instructions to finish the process.

When prompted to enter a password, enter a really long password. The idea is to make it tough for anybody to guess. You could use a password manager app such as LastPass or 1Password to make entering passwords easier.

Start The SSH Server

After you’ve installed and configured VPN support, you’ll want to start the SSH server. To do this, enter service ssh start into the terminal.

You’ll see a warning message that the server is already active, so be sure to stop it before continuing or you’ll have trouble connecting to the server. Once the warning message disappears, press enter to start the service. You can now log in to your Raspberry Pi using SSH.

You can use the shell provided by the SSH server to connect to the Pi’s prompt (also known as the Busy Box). This will give you a command-line interface (CLI) where you can enter commands to navigate your system and change settings. For example, you can enter cd followed by home to change your working directory to your personal space. Or you could use df -h to display your disk space usage. You can issue these kinds of commands directly from the SSH server’s shell.

Use SSH To Configure The VPN Server

To begin configuring the VPN server, you’ll want to use the SSH server’s prompt to connect to your LAN. In this case, you’ll want to use ssh followed by (config) to connect to your system. When prompted for a password, enter the same password you used when you started the service. Then follow the onscreen instructions.

These instructions will walk you through connecting your Raspberry Pi to the internet via the VPN server. You’ll be prompted to enter a login name and then a password. The login information will be stored in plain text in a text file on your system’s hard drive. This is why it’s important to write down the password since it’ll be plain text on disk. When you’re finished configuring the VPN server, press ctrl-c to end the process.

The above process is pretty much everything you need to know to get started with a VPN server on the Raspberry Pi. Now, you might be wondering how to connect to a VPN server from another computer or mobile device. Fortunately, there are lots of handy applications available that make setting up a VPN a whole lot easier. Some examples include:

VPN Client Software

  • OpenVPN: (client): This is the most popular and well-known of all VPN clients. OpenVPN has been around since 2007 and was originally designed for use on mobile devices. It’s a free and open-source application and is available for many platforms. The best thing about OpenVPN is its versatility: it can be used to connect to a variety of VPN servers.
  • PPTP: (client): This client is used to connect to a VPN server that implements the Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP). Like OpenVPN, the PPTP client is also free and open-source and can be used on any platform. The major difference between the two is that OpenVPN supports much more protocols than the PPTP client. What this means is that you can connect to a VPN server that implements the L2TP or L2SIP protocols using the OpenVPN client, whereas the PPTP client only supports the PPTP protocol.
  • IKEv2: (client): IKEv2 is the successor to IKEv1, the Internet Key Exchange version 1 protocol. IKEv2 is a newer and improved protocol that provides better security and performance than its predecessor. What’s great about IKEv2 is that it can be used to connect to almost any VPN server.
  • L2TP/IPSec: (client): This protocol is the combination of Layer Two Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) and Internet Protocol Security (IPSec). Similar to OpenVPN, the L2TP and IPSec clients are both free and open-source and can be used on any operating system. The main difference between these two protocols is that L2TP/IPSec can only be used to connect to a VPN server that also supports these protocols.

The above VPN client software is just a small selection of the available applications. Some of the more prominent VPN clients include:

VPN Servers

There are many different VPN servers out there, all designed to provide you with a secure and private connection to the internet when connected to a WiFi network. You can download the OpenVPN software for free from the official website and then set up a VPN connection using the standard configuration files that came with the program. You’ll also need to create a folder named etc on your system’s hard drive to store the configuration files in. Then, when you’re ready to connect to your VPN server, simply type service openvpn start into the terminal and you’ll be good to go.

The first step in configuring a VPN server is to install the software on a separate partition (this will help ensure you have a backup if something happens). Then you’ll want to configure the VPN server using the included configuration files. When you’re finished, you can start the service. You’ll now have a functioning VPN server that you can use to encrypt all of your internet traffic, ensuring that nobody can spy on you or see your personal details whilst online.

Similar Posts